6th Grade Summer Assignment - Passages & Template

June 2020

Dear Parents and Guardians:

Your child has done a lot of hard work this year and has learned so much. In the summer months ahead, we encourage you to help your child retain what he or she has learned by providing ongoing opportunities to continue learning and practicing essential skills. Research has shown that young people who do not engage in educational activities during the summer months experience learning loss that can put them at a great disadvantage. At Steinway, we strive to make sure this won’t happen.

This summer, our students will continue to have access to MyON, an online reading program that is accessible on phones, tablets, and computers! By logging in, students have easy access to over 6,000 engaging titles that will keep them learning even when school is not in session.

Our summer reading requirement is that students read at least ​five hours on MyON ​ over the course of this summer. MyOn will automatically track how much time your child has read, and your child’s teacher will be able to see this information in September. If your child misplaced his/her login information, they can access their account using this formula: ● Username: OSIS Number ● Password: 1 + First Two Letters of First Name (Example: if the child’s name is Alexander, the password would be 1AL).

If your child prefers to read books that are not available on MyOn, please be sure he/she keeps a written log with the date, title, author, and amount of time read for each reading session. This log should be turned in to the teacher on the first day of school.

Optional Extra Credit Book Project Students may choose one of the following book projects to turn into their ELA teachers for extra credit ​ in the form of 10 points on their first independent reading book project for marking period 1.

Choice A: Book Jacket​: Includes general information, summary, direct quotes from characters. This can be created on a computer or hand-drawn. The book jacket should be ALL color with very minimal white space. The written elements should be embedded on the back and on the inside flaps. The blurb on the back should be a summary of the book (not a recommendation). ​Images should be created by the student; images of the book cover should not be printed from the internet for this project.

Choice B: Time capsule​: Create a time capsule that contains at least 10 items that can be used to explain the plot, setting, and major characters of the story. Please create a list that names the items as well as their significance to the story.

Choice C: Collage​: This project is for the artist in everyone. Draw or cut and paste pictures that ​recreate the story​. Included in this work of art, you must do more than retell the story; you must identify the theme of the story, depict emotions (yours and others) and represent predictions. Prepare a written document with explanations of the pictures you included.

Choice D: Travel Brochure​: Create a brochure that advertises for people to visit the setting from your story. Remember to showcase the wonderful sights and people that you encountered while reading your story. There should be written descriptions of the people and places that you include in your brochure.

There are a lot of additional things you can do to support your child’s learning this summer:

1. Visit your local library often. Most local libraries conduct summer reading programs where children can receive rewards for reading done over the summer. Join your local library’s summer reading program and make reading part of your summer routine. 2. Keep your child writing. Letter writing to school friends, pen pal programs, and fan letters are all great ideas for getting children writing this summer. Give your child an address book and a letter writing kit filled with stamps, envelopes, and paper. He or she can collect addresses of friends to keep in touch with as well as addresses of athletes and movie stars. Most fan mail addresses can be found online. 3. Play card and board games that will help stimulate complex thinking and keep young and older minds sharp. 4. Help your child keep a summer travel journal for long and short trips. 5. In addition to reading aloud to your child on a regular basis, introduce family reading time. Schedule a half hour in each day for quiet independent reading. Catch up on your reading while your child uses books of his or her own to practice the reading strategies taught in school this year. For additional ideas, check out ​www.summerlearning.org ​ . Have a wonderful and enriching summer.

Best, The I.S.141Q English Language Arts Department

Jewels Academy Assignment - 6th Grade


GREEK MYTHOLOGY PASSAGES

Directions: Read the following passages for Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Chiron, & Ares.

· Highlight, underline, and make notes as needed.

· Answer the reading comprehension questions after each passage.

KEY TERMS

Greek Mythology

The set of stories about the gods, goddesses, heroes and rituals of Ancient Greeks

“The Big Three”

The three most powerful gods; the brothers Zeus, Poseidon & Hades

Olympians

The 12 gods & goddesses who live on Mount Olympus

Mount Olympus

Where the 12 gods & goddesses live; usually portrayed as being located above the clouds in the sky

Immortal

Never dying; living forever

***

Zeus was the ruler of the gods in Greek mythology. The Greeks considered Zeus as a father figure and a protector, especially of guests and strangers. Zeus was a sky and weather god, especially associated with rain, thunder and lightning. People thought of Zeus living on top of a mountain, and when he got mad he threw lightning bolts out of the sky at people.

The Greek gods Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades were the three sons of the Titans Cronus and his wife Rhea. The three brothers rebelled against Cronus in the War with the Titans and divided up the dominions of the Titans. After the war, Zeus became the ruler of the sky and heavens, Hades became the ruler of the Underworld, and Poseidon was given all of the fresh and salt water. It was agreed that the Earth would be ruled by all three gods, with Zeus as the king of the Olympians.

In Greek Mythology the principle Greek gods were referred to as the Twelve Olympians and lived on the summit of Mount Olympus. Mount Olympus was protected by a special layer of clouds. Zeus sat on his great throne in the clouds and ruled over the Olympians with his wife, Hera, who was Queen of the gods.

Zeus’ primary role was to watch over the activities of the other gods to ensure they did not exceed their powers. When Zeus got angry he hurled his thunderbolt at people who deserved it. He was incredibly powerful and was exceedingly terrifying when he was angry. Zeus was also wise, fair, and generous with his praise.

Although Zeus was married to Hera, he had several relationships with mortal woman, goddesses, and nymphs. Because of his many relationships with women, Zeus fathered many children. His children included the goddess Aphrodite; and the gods Apollo, Dionysus, and Hermes

As the king of all the gods, there are many myths about the mighty Zeus.

Reading Comprehension Question #1:

What is the main idea of this passage? (1-2 sentences)

***

Poseidon was the Greek god of sea, earthquakes, and horses. He was a moody god. His temper could be as violent as the sea he ruled. When he shook his trident, leaping waves would flood the land. If he struck the Earth, mountains erupted. But when he was calm, rivers dried and islands formed.

Poseidon’s brothers were Zeus and Hades. When the three brothers split up the universe, Poseidon received the sea as his domain. Poseidon and Hades helped rule the earth, but Zeus was in charge.

Poseidon created the first horse, from a rock, with one blow. Soon after creating the horse, he traveled to Olympus in his golden horse-drawn chariot. He is often depicted as riding his horse-drawn chariot and carrying a three-pronged spear called a trident.

Most of the time Poseidon lived in a golden underwater palace with his queen, Amphitrite, a lovely sea goddess. Together they had three children, though Poseidon had many more. Like his brother Zeus, he could not resist goddesses, nymphs, or mortals. One of his offspring included the magical horse Pegasus.

Ancient Greeks who lived near the sea were terrified of Poseidon. They tried very hard to keep him happy. They built him temples to honor him and brought him gifts everyday. Sometimes the gifts made him happy, and the water was calm and sparkling. Sometimes the gifts did not make him happy, and a terrible storm would break over the land. As moody and wild as Poseidon was, he always calmed when he came home to his beautiful palace under the sea.

Reading Comprehension Question #2:

What character trait best describes Poseidon? (1-2 sentences)

***

Hades ruled the Underworld. The Underworld was the place the ancient Greeks believed you went after you died. The Underworld was a big place. Some parts were really beautiful. One especially beautiful place was the Elysian Fields. That's where heroes went after they died. Some parts were not nice at all! You can guess who went there!

Hades was not in charge of death. He did not decide who lived and who died up on earth. He was in charge of assigning the dead a place to live in the Underworld. You could not argue with Hades. He was the only decision maker in the Underworld. It was not wise to anger Hades whether you were alive or dead, or you might end up someplace you really did not want to be for eternity!

Hades had a faithful and deeply loved companion, his three-headed dog, Cerberus. To give his dog a sniff at a new place, Hades came up to the surface now and then. If it was important enough, Hades even attended council meetings of the gods on Mount Olympus. But he never thought of Mount Olympus as his home. To Hades, home was the Underworld. His family visited him now and then. Zeus popped down whenever he felt like it. His nephew, Hermes, the deal maker for the gods, dropped in whenever he needed his uncle's help to smooth over or fix something.

Hades had two powerful brothers (and three sisters) - the mighty Zeus, king of the gods, and Poseidon, lord of the sea. He also had several nieces and nephews. His family, when they thought about him at all, thought Hades must be lonely down there in the Underworld, all by himself. But Hades was content.

More than anything, except for his beloved dog, Cerberus, Hades loved his golden chariot. It was his pride and joy. Hades and his beloved dog Cerberus would climb aboard his golden chariot and tear across the Underworld. The souls of the dead scattered left and right to get out of their way.

Reading Comprehension Question #3:

What lesson can be taught through Hades’ story? (1-2 sentences)

***

In Greek mythology, Chiron (meaning “hand”) — sometimes spelled Cheiron — was held as the superlative centaur over his brethren. Chiron was intelligent, civilized and kind, while other centaurs were disrespectful and irresponsible.

A great healer, astrologer, and respected oracle, Chiron was most celebrated as a teacher. He had the gift of guiding his students to uncovering their highest potential and discovering their destiny. When the centaurs drank and partied themselves to extinction, Chiron became the last remaining centaur.

His nobility is further reflected in the story of his death as Chiron sacrificed his life, allowing humanity to obtain the use of fire. Being the son of Cronus, a god, he was therefore immortal and so could not die. Chiron had been poisoned with an arrow belonging to Heracles that had been treated with the blood of the Hydra.

Ironically, Chiron, the master of the healing arts, could not heal himself, so he willingly gave up his immortality and was placed in the sky as the constellation Sagittarius (or Centaurus).

Chiron’s name, and the underlying mythology, serves to inform many of the root words connected with the ancient healing arts, e.g. cheiromancy, or the art of divining the will of the gods through the interpretation of the patterns of the hands.

Reading Comprehension Question #4:

What is the meaning of “superlative” as it is used in the first paragraph? (1-2 sentences)

***

Ares, the ancient Greek god of war, represented the violence and bloodshed of battle. There are many legends and stories about Ares that play a large part in ancient Greek mythology. Well, in ancient Greece, Ares was feared. He was known as the god of war, and was the face of many violent battles. Because of that, it's not a surprise that Ares was one of the least popular gods in ancient Greece. In fact, stories say that he was not even well-liked by his own family or most of the other gods. Poor guy!

Ares was the son of the king and queen of the gods, Zeus and Hera. Because of this, he had a lot of power, and was one of the 12 major gods who lived on Mount Olympus, the home to important Greek gods and goddesses.

Ares was brave and handsome, but very mean. No wonder no one liked him! He often went into battles with the Greek warriors. He loved fighting, and all of the violence that came along with it. Most of the time he didn't even care who won or lost.

His sister was Athena, the goddess of war. While Ares represented the violent side of war, Athena represented the wisdom and skills needed to win. When he was in battle, Ares didn't need to worry about dying, because he was immortal like all of the other gods and goddesses. This means that he could not be killed, so there were not a lot of consequences for his violence.

Reading Comprehension Question #5:

What conflict does Ares face? (1-2 sentences)

***


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